Students have increased awareness for "stumbling blocks", "dos and don'ts", traditions and customs of other cultures. They are able to take these into consideration when communicating with foreign business partners in order to avoid confusion and to initiate successful business relationships.
Mode of delivery
Prerequisites and co-requisites
relevant course(s) of previous semester(s)
Recommended optional program components
Effects of globalization on the economy Culture and legal systems Cultural differences and particularities Types of communication Social skills Non-verbal communication in an intercultural context - body contact, proximity, eye contact, facial expressions, gestures
Recommended or required reading
pre-readings on SAKAIHalverson, C. B., & Tirmizi, S. A. (2008). Effective Multicultural Teams: Theory and Practice. Heidelberg: Springer.
Baskerville, R. F. (2003). Hofstede never studied culture. Accounting, Organizations and Society, 28(1), 1-14. doi: 10.1016/S0361-3682(01)00048-4
Bhagat, R. S., & McQuaid, S. J. (1982). Role of subjective culture in organizations: A review and directions for future research. Journal of Applied Psychology, 67(5), 653-685. doi: 10.1037/0021-9010.67.5.653
Brock, D. M. (2005). Multinational acquisition integration: The role of national culture in creating synergies. International Business Review, 14(3), 269-288. doi: 10.1016/j.ibusrev.2005.02.001
Hofstede, G. (1980). Culture's consequences. International differences in work-related values. Newbury Park: SAGE Publications.
Hofstede, G., Hofstede, G. J., & Minkov, M. (2010). Cultures and organizations: Software of the mind. London: McGraw-Hill.
Hofstede, G. (2011). Dimensionalizing cultures: The Hofstede model in context. Online Readings in Psychology and Culture, 2(1), 1-26. doi: 10.9707/2307-0919.1014
Kirkman, B. L., Lowe, K. B., & Gibson, C. B. (2006). A quarter century of Culture's Consequences: a review of empirical research incorporating Hofstede's cultural values framework. Journal of International Business Studies, 37(3), 285-320. doi: 10.1057/palgrave.jibs.8400202
McSweeney, B. (2002). Hofstede's Model of National Cultural Differences and their Consequences: A Triumph of Faith - a Failure of Analysis. Human Relations, 55(1), doi: 10.1177/0018726702551004
Olie, R. (1994). Shades of culture and institutions in international mergers. Organization Studies, 15(3), 381-405
Van Oudenhoven, J. (2001). Do organizations reflect national cultures? a 10-nation study. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 25(1), 89-107. doi: 10.1016/S0147-1767(00)00044-4
Weber, Y., Tarba, S. Y., & Reichel, A. (2014). A model of the influence of culture on integration approaches and international mergers and acquisitions performance. International Studies of Management and Organization, 41(3), 9-24. doi: 10.2753/IMO0020-8825410301
Planned learning activities and teaching methods
Students will have to work in groups. They must analyse the cultural challenges of a case and develop strategies in order to deal with cultural diversity issues. They will be required to present their solution!